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Surat An-Nās (The Mankind )

الناس

In the name of Allah most  Gracious most Merciful

Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind,

The Sovereign of mankind.

The God of mankind,

From the evil of the retreating whisperer –

Who whispers [evil] into the hearts of mankind –

Among Jinns and among Men

سورة الناس

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ



قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ (1) مَلِكِ النَّاسِ (2) إِلَهِ النَّاسِ (3) مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ (4) الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ (5) مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ (6)

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In the name of Allah  most Gracious  most Merciful

اقرا

Recite in the name of your Lord who created –

Created man from a clinging substance.

Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous –

Who taught by the pen –

Taught man that which he knew not.

No! [But] indeed, man transgresses

Because he sees himself self-sufficient.

Indeed, to your Lord is the return.

Have you seen the one who forbids

A servant when he prays?

Have you seen if he is upon guidance

Or enjoins righteousness?

Have you seen if he denies and turns away –

Does he not know that Allah sees?

No! If he does not desist, We will surely drag him by the forelock –

A lying, sinning forelock.

Then let him call his associates;

We will call the angels of Hell.

No! Do not obey him. But prostrate and draw near [to Allah ].

7

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ



اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ (1) خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ (2) اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ (3) الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ (4) عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ (5) كَلَّا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَيَطْغَى (6) أَنْ رَآَهُ اسْتَغْنَى (7) إِنَّ إِلَى رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَى (8) أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَى (9) عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّى (10) أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَى (11) أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَى (12) أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّى (13) أَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَرَى (14) كَلَّا لَئِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهِ لَنَسْفَعَا بِالنَّاصِيَةِ (15) نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ خَاطِئَةٍ (16) فَلْيَدْعُ نَادِيَهُ (17) سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِيَةَ (18) كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ (19)

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In the name of Allah most Gracious , most Merciful

نهر

Indeed, We have granted you, [O Muhammad], al-Kawthar.

So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone].

Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم Ra bracket.png إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ Aya-1.png فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ Aya-2.png إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ Aya-3.png La bracket.png[1]

(The Abundance)
Number of Verses: 3

Contents of the Surah

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

This Surah is known as a Meccan Surah, but some believe that it may be Medinan. Some others have said that this Surah might have been revealed twice; once in Mecca and once in Medina, but the narrations cited on the occasion of its revelation attest to the first idea which says it is Meccan.

Occasion of Revelation

The following is a story told about the occasion of the revelation of Surah Kawthar: ‘As-ibn-wa’il, who was one of the chiefs of the pagans, met the holy Prophet (S) coming out of the Sacred Mosque. He spoke with him (S) for awhile.

In the meantime, a group of authoritative men of the Quraish were sitting in the Mosque watching him from a distance.

When ‘As-ibn-Wa’il entered the Mosque they asked him:

“To whom were you speaking?”

He answered:

“With this abtar one”.

He used this word for the holy Prophet (S) to taunt him, because he (S) had two sons born of Lady Khadijah; Ghasem and Taher (also called ‘Abdullah) who died in Mecca and so, there was no live male issue from the holy Prophet (S). Hence after, the Qur’an applied this name to the enemies of the Prophet.1

The Arabs used to call the one who had no son /abtar/, and ‘abtar’ means ‘the animal whose tail is cut off’. So, then. it means the one whose succession in his seed has ceased, i.e., the one who has none to inherit him. To console the holy Prophet (S), this Surah was revealed with the glad tidings of the greatest amount or the highest degree of the grace of Allah, bestowed on him.

Those people traditionally considered the male child extraordinarily valuable and thought of him as a substitute for the father. They happily imagined that with the demise of the Holy Prophet (S) his program would cease because he had no son to substitute him to continue it.

The revelation of this Surah was, in fact, an answer to the enemies of the Apostle to inform them that Islam and the Qur’an would remain and ceaselessly continue, forever.

The Virtue of Studying the Surah

On the virtue of the recitation of this Surah, a tradition from the holy Prophet (S) says:

“He who recites it (Surah Kawthar) Allah will quench his thirst from the streams of Heaven and will recompense him good rewards as many as the number of every sacrifice which the servants of Allah make on the day of the Feast of Sacrifice, together with those sacrifices which are of the People of the Book and the pagans.”2

The name of this Surah, Kawthar, is taken from the first verse of the Surah.

Surah Kawthar, Verses 1-3