Islamic Civilization(الحضارة الاسلامية)

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27 thoughts on “Islamic Civilization(الحضارة الاسلامية)

  1. Hi Soheir.. i enjoyed this video very much and can
    certainly say we are in complete agreement
    on this.. smiles.. sadly in my school
    history from youth the
    contributions of
    the ‘Islamic
    Golden Age’
    during what
    is described
    as the medieval
    period is almost
    completely ignored
    as irrelevant to the
    progress of modern
    science of which it is
    anything BUT.. as even
    the scientific method itself
    is originated in this Golden
    age of Islam in Science.. and
    Art associated contributions..
    fortunately for me after coming
    online several years ago.. and discussing
    many science subjects with brainiacs then
    in the way of standard IQ intelligence who
    are also diagnosed on the higher functioning
    part of the Autism Spectrum who communicate
    on a site called the ‘Wrong Planet’.. this is brought
    to my attention then when some folks are suggesting
    erroneously that people from Muslim cultures are intellectually
    inferior in DNA racist ways.. which of course is completely ridiculous
    no less than suggesting this for folks in Africa when our highly intelligent
    President is only two generations removed from Kenya.. of course.. in one
    of millions of examples to refute that ignorant theory as well… but anyway
    the great thing about the Quran is the emphasis on the potential of human
    being to create and gain knowledge whereas in the old fundamentalist views
    of Christianity in the middle ages.. that put people to death who are scientists..
    disagreeing that only God has creative power and we must be limited to
    that black book and nothing else.. is the real ’cause of the so-called dark
    ages not the spreading of the Muslim empire during those times..
    in fact.. the contribution of the Islamic Golden age.. is very
    much a part of why we even have science now..
    as nicely described in a basic
    Wiki article now when
    one looks up
    the
    Islamic Golden Age on a Wiki Search..
    and that is the best thing about the Internet
    is when it is not censored there is no controlling
    the free flow of information.. and truly this is a safe
    guard for stuff like racist ignorance.. history ignorance..
    and even stuff like fake Iraq wars and bringing us the
    knowledge to that there are extremists in every
    religion who are terrorist ranging from
    the continent of India to the
    middle east
    to all
    the Americas
    and all continents
    of the world as we are
    all one tribe of Dark and
    light and yes.. the INFORMATION
    AGE.. BRINGS THIS TRUTH AND LIGHT
    AND DARK TO OUR FULLER WISDOM
    AS HUMAN…
    smiles..
    thanks for sharing..
    a good films for children
    to see i think.. as of course us
    adults have Wiki to skim through
    quick.. and get many more detailed
    references.. but still a great introduction
    for further learning for adults as well.. smiles..:)
    Peace Blessings.. Love and Bliss
    my friend
    as heirs
    of GOD..
    SOHEIR..:)

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Hello Fred
      I am happy you enjoyed the short video
      Your comment summerized the issue indeed
      And of course we have a lot to agree about and I see that variety is the law of our universe
      Variety makes life more beautiful my friend
      Thanks for the precious words
      Smiles Fred
      Love
      Gratitude
      Blessings
      🙂
      😀

      Liked by 3 people

  2. Hey Soheir
    Great video! Is that the actor Ben Kingsley? He is a masterful teacher “Take a look…if you dare” Ha ha ha
    I knew of the camera obscura but not its origins.
    The section on flight was interesting (though painful – lol). I just finished reading a book on the Wright Brothers…mastering flight was not very easy and they also started out with gliders. They devoted their work to what the man portrayed here had trouble mastering…control. In a sense they built on his work and that of those like him.
    Very interesting and fun. Great post.
    I hope you are well and have a great day.
    Cheers

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Haha..:-)
      Hello Chris
      I am okay
      Thanks so much
      This Ben Kingsley is a creative actor…although he is American but his face is like us in the east…he made a movie about Ghandy..it was great indeed…
      I am happy you liked the video
      Thanks again
      Have a great day my friend
      Cheers:-)
      😀

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Hi again:
        I know the movie Ghandi. It has been many years since I watched it but it was excellent. I’ve seen him in other roles also and always enjoy him.
        Thank you for the good wishes.
        Cheers 😎

        Liked by 1 person

  3. Napolean Bonaparte as Quoted in Christian Cherfils, ‘Bonaparte et Islam,’ Pedone Ed., Paris, France, 1914, pp. 105, 125.
    Original References: “Correspondance de Napoléon Ier Tome V pièce n° 4287 du 17/07/1799…””Moses has revealed the existence of God to his nation. Jesus Christ to the Roman world, Muhammad to the old continent…

    “Arabia was idolatrous when, six centuries after Jesus, Muhammad introduced the worship of the God of Abraham, of Ishmael, of Moses, and Jesus. The Ariyans and some other sects had disturbed the tranquility of the east by agitating the question of the nature of the Father, the son, and the Holy Ghost. Muhammad declared that there was none but one God who had no father, no son and that the trinity imported the idea of idolatry…

    Sir George Bernard Shaw in ‘The Genuine Islam,’ Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936.”If any religion had the chance of ruling over England, nay Europe within the next hundred years, it could be Islam.”

    “I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence which can make itself appeal to every age. I have studied him – the wonderful man and in my opinion far from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity.”

    “I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness: I have prophesied about the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.”

    Bertrand Russel in ‘History of Western Philosophy,’ London, 1948, p. 419.”Our use of phrase ‘The Dark ages’ to cover the period from 699 to 1,000 marks our undue concentration on Western Europe…

    “From India to Spain, the brilliant civilization of Islam flourished. What was lost to christendom at this time was not lost to civilization, but quite the contrary…

    “To us it seems that West-European civilization is civilization, but this is a narrow view.”

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hi lmran
      Thank you so much for the precious quotes
      Napoleon Ponapart …George Bernard Show….great sayings from important Characters indeed
      I hope our Islamic Ommah will return again to its golden ages…wars made it tired and exhausted…
      Thanks again Imran
      I will read the other comments
      I always benifit from your knowledge



      🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  4. H.G. Wells”The Islamic teachings have left great traditions for equitable and gentle dealings and behavior, and inspire people with nobility and tolerance. These are human teachings of the highest order and at the same time practicable. These teachings brought into existence a society in which hard-heartedness and collective oppression and injustice were the least as compared with all other societies preceding it….Islam is replete with gentleness, courtesy, and fraternity.”

    Dr. William Draper in ‘History of Intellectual Development of Europe'”During the period of the Caliphs the learned men of the Christians and the Jews were not only held in great esteem but were appointed to posts of great responsibility, and were promoted to the high ranking job in the government….He (Caliph Haroon Rasheed) never considered to which country a learned person belonged nor his faith and belief, but only his excellence in the field of learning.”

    Thomas Carlyle in ‘Heroes, Hero Worship, and the Heroic in History,’ Lecture 2, Friday, 8th May 1840.”As there is no danger of our becoming, any of us, Mahometans (i.e. Muslim), I mean to say all the good of him I justly can…

    “When Pococke inquired of Grotius, where the  was of that story of the pigeon, trained to pick peas from Mahomet’s (Muhammad’s) ear, and pass for an angel dictating to him? Grotius answered that there was …

    “A poor, hard-toiling, ill-provided man; careless of what vulgar men toil for. Not a bad man, I should say; Something better in him than hunger of any sort, — or these wild arab men, fighting and jostling three-and-twenty years at his hand, in close contact with him always, would not revered him so! They were wild men bursting ever and anon into quarrel, into all kinds of fierce sincerity; without right worth and manhood, no man could have commanded them. They called him prophet you say? Why he stood there face to face with them; bare, not enshrined in any mystry; visibly clouting his own cloak, cobbling his own shoes; fighting, counselling, ordering in the midst of them: they must have seen what kind of man he was, let him be called what you like! No emperor with his tiaras was obeyed as this man in a cloak of his own clouting. During three-and-twenty years of rough actual trial. I find something of a veritable Hero necessary for that, of itself…

    Delhi to Granada! I said, the Great man was always as lightning out of Heaven; the rest of men waited for him like fuel, and then they too would flame…”

    Phillip Hitti in ‘Short History of the Arabs.'”During all the first part of the Middle Ages, no other people made as important a contribution to human progress as did the Arabs, if we take this term to mean all those whose mother-tongue was Arabic, and not merely those living in the Arabian peninsula. For centuries, Arabic was the language of learning, culture and intellectual progress for the whole of the civilized world with the exception of the Far East. From the IXth to the XIIth century there were more philosophical, medical, historical, religiuos, astronomical and geographical works written in Arabic than in any other human tongue.”

    Carra de Vaux in ‘The Philosophers of Islam,’ Paris, 1921.”Finally how can one forget that at the same time the  was giving the world the Taj Mahal(completed in 1648 C.E.) the architectural beauty of which has never been surpassed, and the  of Abul Fazl: “That extraordinary work full of life ideas and learning where every aspect of life is examined listed and classified, and where progress continually dazzles the eye, is a document of which Oriental civilization may justly be proud. The men whose genius finds its expression in this book were far in advance of their age in the practical art of government, and they were perhaps in advance of it in their speculations about religious philosophy. Those poets those philosophers knew how to deal with the world or matter. They observe, classify, calculate and experiment. All the ideas that occur to them are tested against facts. They express them with eloquence but they also support them with statistics.”…the principles of tolerance, justice and humanity which prevailed during the long reign of Akbar.”

    Liked by 1 person

  5. Marcel Clerget in ‘La Turquie, Passe et Present,’ Paris, 1938.”Many proofs of high cultural level of the Ottoman Empire during the reign of are to be found in the development of science and law; in the flowering of literary works in Arabic, Persian and Turkish; in the contemporary monuments in Istanbul, Bursa, and Edirne; in the boom in luxury industries; in the sumptuous life of the court and high dignitaries, and last but not least in its. All the various influences – notably Turkish, Byzantine and Italian mingle together and help to make this the most brilliant epoch of the Ottomans.”

    Michael the Elder (Great) as Quoted in ‘Michael the Elder, Chronique de Michael Syrien, Patriarche Jacobite d’ Antioche,’ J.B. Chabot, Editor, Vol. II, Paris, 1901.”This is why the God of vengeance, who alone is all-powerful, and changes the empire of mortals as He will, giving it to whomsoever He will, and uplifting the humble beholding the wickedness of the Romans who throughout their dominions, cruelly plundered our churches and our monasteries and condemned us without pity, brought from the region of the south the sons of Ishmael, to deliver us through them from the hands of the Romans. And if in truth we have suffered some loss, because the Catholic churches, that had been taken away from us and given to the Chalcedonians, remained in their possession; for when the cities submitted to the Arabs, they assigned to each denomination the churches which they found it to be in possession of (and at that time the great churches of Emessa and that of Harran had been taken away from us); nevertheless it was no slight advantage for us to be delivered from the cruelty of the Romans, their wickedness, their wrath and cruel zeal against us, and to find ourselves at people. (Michael the Elder, Jacobite Patriarch of Antioch wrote this text in the latter part of the twelfth century, after five centuries of Muslim rule in that region. Click here for a relevant document sent to the monks of St. Catherine Monastery in Mt. Sinai, 628 C.E.

    Sir John Bagot Glubb“Khalif (Caliph) Al-Ma’mun’s period of rule (813 – 833 C.E.) may be considered the of science and learning. He had always been devoted to books and to learned pursuits. His brilliant mind was interested in every form of intellectual activity. Not only poetry but also philosophy, theology, astronomy, medicine and law all occupied his time.”

    “By Mamun’s time medical schools were extremely active in Baghdad. The  was opened in Baghdad during the Caliphate of Haroon-ar-Rashid. As the system developed, physicians and surgeons were appointed who gave lectures to medical students and issued diplomas to those who were considered qualified to practice. The first hospital in Egypt was opened in 872 AD and thereafter public hospitals sprang up all over the empire from Spain and the Maghrib to Persia.”

    On the Holocaust of Baghdad (1258 C.E.)Perpetrated by Hulagu:

    “The city was systematically looted, destroyed and burnt. Eight hundred thousand persons are said to have been killed. The Khalif Mustasim was sewn up in a sack and trampled to death under the feet of Mongol horses.

    “For five hundred years, Baghdad had been a city of palaces, mosques, libraries and colleges. Its universities and hospitals were the most up-to-date in the world. Nothing now remained but heaps of rubble and a stench of decaying human flesh.”

    Liked by 2 people

  6. Anyone who learns about the prophetic message finds that it maintained human dignity and raised his status, as human beings, whether Muslims or not, are the offspring of Adam. Allah the Almighty honored all humanity by saying, “We have honored the sons of Adam, provided them with transport on land and sea; given them for sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them special favors, above a great part of Our creation“. (Al-Israa, 17: 70)

    Hence, all people have rights as human beings before Allah the Almighty. Yet, they, before Allah, are distinguished by fearing their Lord, having faith, and adopting good morals. Moreover, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was consistent in showing this clearly in his behavior and dealing with non-Muslims.

    In an authentic tradition, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)is reported to have said: “Whenever you see a funeral procession, stand up till the procession goes ahead of you”. [1] One day a funeral procession passed in front of him and he stood up. When he was told that it was the coffin of a Jew, he said, “Is it not a living being (soul)?” Also, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) used to visit non-Muslims who were sick. Hence, the Prophet (Peace be upon him)visited Abu Talib in his sickness, and he also visited a sick Jewish boy. [2]

    He (Peace be upon him) observed people’s rights in terms of good neighborliness, as he said: ““The best of companions with Allah is the one who is best to his companion, and the best of neighbors with Him is the one who is best to his neighbor”.[3] The tradition included every neighbor, even if he was a non-Muslim.

    Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) did not come to deprive those who did not follow him of freedom. Instead, he treated them with a rare form of tolerance. The following are some of the most important principles of Prophet Muhammad’s (Peace be upon him) treatment of non-Muslims:

    There is no compulsion in religion:

    Although Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and his companions believed that it is right to adopt Islam – as it is the seal of the previous messages – they never tried to force any one to adopt Islam. The Noble Qur’an highlighted this meaning clearly by saying: “There is no compulsion in religion as truth stands out clear from error”. (Al-Baqarah, 2: 256)

    Therefore, no one is forced to adopt Islam. This is so, even if the one who uses force was a father who wants goodness for his children, and even if the one who was compelled was a child who has no doubt about his father’s pity for him. Even the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) himself did not force people to adopt this religion, and Allah the Almighty says, “If it had been your Lord’s will, they would all have believed- all who are on earth! Will you then compel mankind, against their will, to believe?” (Yunus, 10: 99)

    Islam not only gave non-Muslims freedom to retain their religion, but it also allowed them to practice their ceremonies and preserved their places of worship. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) prevented his companions from disturbing Christian clergymen in their hermitages, and he never assaulted a non-Muslim place of worship. His companions, and the caliphs after him, understood this meaning very well; so, they recommended their military leaders not to seize or demolish their places of worship. Also, Islam gave them the freedom to follow their laws related to marriage, divorce, and the like.

    Liked by 1 person

  7. The values of justice with the other:

    Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) ordered us to deal fairly with all people whether Muslims or non-Muslims. This is mentioned in the Noble Qur’an, “Allah does command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; and when you judge between man and man, that you judge with justice”. (An-Nisaa’, 4:58)

    Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) received the revelation and applied it in the greatest manner, as he was ordered to be just with all people without looking to their status, race, religion or ancestry. They were all equal, even if the person who had a certain right was unfair to the Muslims; he would still be given his right. The Noble Qur’an ordered the Messenger (Peace be upon him) to rule fairly if Ahl al-Kitab (i.e. the Jews and the Christians) choose him as an arbitrator, “If you judge, judge in equity between them” (Al-Maida, 5: 42). In more than thirty traditions, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) emphasized the right of al-Mu’ahad (the one who has a covenant with the Muslims), among which is the following: “Whoever killed a person having a treaty with the Muslims, shall not smell the smell of Paradise though its smell is perceived from a distance of forty years”.[4] He also says, “Beware, if anyone wrongs a contracting man, or diminishes his right, or forces him to work beyond his capacity, or takes from him anything without his consent, I shall plead for him (the victimized) on the Day of Judgment.”[5] He also says, “If anyone kills a man whom he grants protection prematurely, Allah will forbid him to enter Paradise.”[6] Muhammad (Peace be upon him) prohibited torturing anyone, even if he did not adopt Islam.

    Therefore, he (Peace be upon him) forbade torturing any human being whether Muslim or non-Muslim. He says, “Allah the Almighty tortures those who torture people in this life”.[7] Muhammad (Peace be upon him) also preserved and guaranteed the security of non-Muslims’ lives, wealth and honor in the Islamic community. So, no one is permitted to hurt them whether Muslim or not, as long as they residents of Islamic territories.

    Good treatment for Non-Muslims:

    The teachings of Muhammad (Peace be upon him)left an important principle, i.e. a Muslim treats all people well, as he (Peace be upon him) said: “I have only been sent to perfect good characteristics”.[8] And in another narration we find “to reform manners”. Noble manners are equal with every one; the Muslim and the non-Muslim. Coexistence, understanding, and co-operation among nations and people are greatly needed by humanity. So, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) ordered mercy in his message, and included every aspect of it as well as all forms of good treatment. The Noble Quran says: “Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loves those who are just.” (Al-Mumtahanah: 60: 8)

    The scholars of Islam explained kindness in the verse by saying: ‘It is mercy on the weak of them, giving money to the poor, feeding the hungry, dressing the poor, and talking kindly with them. This should be done in a merciful and gentle way and not in a fearful and humiliating way, tolerate bad neighbors – with the ability of removing it kindly but not fearfully or greedily. In addition, we should ask Allah to guide them and grant them happiness. Also, we should offer them advice in all aspects of their life and religious matters and guard them if anyone wants to harm them”.[9]

    This good treatment is confirmed in the case of family relations, and it becomes obligatory in the case of parental relationship. Hence, Asmaa’ the daughter of Abu Bakr mentions the following and says, “My mother came to visit me at the time of the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) and she was a disbeliever. So I consulted the Messenger of Allah, (Peace be upon him) and asked him, ‘My mother wants to visit me and expects me to treat her kindly; should I uphold the ties of kinship with my mother?’ He said, ‘Yes, uphold the ties of kinship with your mother”.[10]

    Also, when the delegation of Najran, who were Christians, came to Muhammad (Peace be upon him)in Medina, they entered his mosque in the afternoon, and it was the time for  their prayer. So, they started to pray in his mosque and the Muslims wanted to stop them but the Muhammad (Peace be upon him)  said: ‘Let them pray’. So, they faced the east and prayed. Also, the mother of the believers ‘Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) said: “The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) passed away and his shield was pledged to a Jewish man in exchange for thirty measures of barley, and this was for the expenses of his (i.e. the Prophet (Peace be upon him) children”.[11]

    Thus, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) ordered the Muslims to take care of Ahl adh-Dhimma (the Jews and the Christians) who live among them. So, if any non-Muslim needs money, they should provide him, as the state is responsible for the poor; including Muslims and Ahl adh-Dhimma. The state is responsible to provide suitable living conditions for them and for all those they are responsible for, because they are citizens in an Islamic state. Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said, ‘You are all guardians, and each of you is responsible for those in his trust’.[12] When the second caliph ‘Umar was in Al-Sham and he passed by a group of Christian people who were suffering from leprosy, he ordered that they be given alms and food.

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  8. The freedom to work and earn:

    Muhammad (Peace be upon him) made a covenant that the non-Muslims can work and earn in Muslim countries; by working for others or for themselves, in addition to having any career they choose and economic activities. Their state is equal to that of the Muslims, and they have the right to buy and sell and deal with society. They can also have financial dealings, but should avoid usury. They have the right to deal with anything except for usury and buying and selling wines, pigs, and anything that is harmful to society and which Islam has prohibited. Islam banned these things because of the damage that results either on them or upon their community. They also enjoy other freedoms in terms of possessing goods and manufacturing crafts and other items.

    [1] An agreed upon prophetic tradition
    [2] Reported by Al-Bukhari (no. 1356)
    [3] Reported by At-Termidhi (1944) and authenticated by Al-Albani
    [4] Reported by Al-Bukhari (No. 6914)
    [5] Reported by Abu Dawud (No. 3052) and authenticated by Al-Albani
    [6] Reported by both Aḥmad (No. 19864) and Abu Dawud (no. 2760) and authenticated by Al-Albani
    [7] Reported by Muslim (No. 2613)
    [8] Reported by Aḥmad (No. 8729)
    [9] Refer to: Al-Fawariq by Al-Qarafi, 3l15
    [10] An agreed upon prophetic tradition
    [11] An agreed upon prophetic tradition
    [12] An agreed upon prophetic tradition

    Liked by 1 person

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